• Using Google Earth to Teach Math

    Read More »

    Every math teacher knows the difficulty in trying to convince their students why math matters. It is often hard to see that math is useful in everyday life. One math teacher, Thomas Petra, is tackling this problem head on with his new website Real World Math. The site provides math […]

  • Map of Global Lightning Strikes

    Read More »

    Need to know where to go in order to get hit by lightning more than once?  NASA has the answer for you.  Based on data collected from  1998–2013 by the Lightning Imaging Sensor (LIS) on NASA’s Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite, and from 1995–2000 by the Optical Transient Detector (OTD) on the OrbView-1/Microlab satellite, a global […]

  • Tracking Public Perception about Climate Change

    Read More »

    The Yale Climate Opinion Maps track public opinion among adults (defined as age 25 and older) on their “particular beliefs, attitudes, and policy preferences about global warming”.  The series of 14 maps tracks the percentage of US residents on their climate change beliefs, risk perceptions, and policy support for regulations. […]

  • Carbon Budget

    Read More »

    The global carbon budget is the amount of carbon gained and lost in the natural and manmade workings of the world. The global carbon budget is part of the greater carbon cycle and the ways in which the Earth’s reservoirs of carbon are added to and subtracted from. The global […]

  • Pedology

    Read More »

    Pedology is closely related to edaphology and consists of the study of soils as they are found in nature. Pedology researches the origins of soil (pedogenesis) as well as the morphology of soils and then classifies them. Pedologists study the relationships between the pedosphere (the soil) and the climate in […]

Physical Geography

A long exposure of an ice circle in the Esopus Creek near Kingston, New York, USA, showing the rotation of the ice floe. Photo: Julian Colton.

Ice Circles

Ice circles are unique phenomena that occur in rivers, streams, and creeks all over the world. Most go unnoticed but a few have been seen by people and captured on video or in pictures. Ice circles are rare and form under very specific conditions that often change rapidly, making ice […]

Rain runoff ha carved deep gulleys on this unterraced upland farm. Soil erosion is a serious problem in the humid tropics. Location: near Kunming, Yunnan Province, PRC. Photo: Wiki Commons, 2008.

What are Two Main Causes of Changes to the Earth Surface?

The Earth’s surface is constantly changing. These changes mostly occur in very minute ways which over time accumulates to create the earth’s physical features we observe around us today. Some of these changes take thousands of years but surely they are occurring. When you look around you a mountain, river, […]

This The natural-color MODIS image shows the dust as it moved from North Africa, swept northeast over the Mediterranean Sea, and blanketed the atmosphere over Turkey and Greece. Source: NASA

Lodos (Wind)

The Lodos (a name generated locally in the region where it occurs) has been classified as a fierce south westerly wind (blowing from the south west) which may prevail at regular intervals in the Marmara Sea and Aegean Sea as well as the Black Sea and the Mediterranean shoreline of […]

Human Geography

View of Amazon basin forest north of Manaus, Brazil. Image taken from top of a 50 m tower for meteorological observations, and the top of vegetation canopy is typically 35 m. Photo: Phil P. Harris

Reducing Climate Change Could Be More Difficult in the Future

A recent study has declared that limiting climate change in the future could be more difficult due to shifting conditions in the Amazon forest. The planet’s oceans and forests have long held climate change in check because they act as massive carbon sinks, soaking up excess carbon dioxide in the […]

Geographic distribution of archaeological cultures and graphic illustration of proposed population movements. Source: Haak et. al, 2015).

Geographic Spread of the Indo-European Language Family

About three billion people in the world speak a language that is part of the Indo-European family of languages. There are over 400 languages and dialects belonging to this family.  Eleven of the languages with the largest number of native speakers belong to the Indo-European family of languages and make up […]

The World's Largest Mass Migration

The World’s Largest Mass Migration

Each year, millions of people move around China to be near friends and family in order to celebrate the Chinese New Year.  This mass movement of people is considered the world’s largest annual mass migration./ Chinese New Year The Chinese New Year is also known as the Lunar New Year […]

Geography News

Geography News

Geography News

Listed here are geography announcements.  To submit your geography related announcement, please email editor@geolounge.com.  Job listings should be submit here and geography related events here. Geography Grants E. WILLARD AND RUBY S. MILLER GRANTS FOR RESEARCH IN GEOGRAPHY EDUCATION-REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS!   NCGE’s Research Committee is still seeking research proposals for […]

On Sept. 19, 2014, the five-day average of Antarctic sea ice extent exceeded 20 million square kilometers for the first time since 1979, according to the National Snow and Ice Data Center. The red line shows the average maximum extent from 1979-2014. Image Credit: NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio/Cindy Starr

New Record Extent of Sea Ice in Antarctica

The polar regions of the Earth, the Arctic Ocean and Antarctica, are of particular concern to scientists and researchers. In one sense, these areas act much like an air conditioner for the planet because of their cold, icy environments and the fact that like they reflect a high degree of […]

The far left map is the original hand-drawn map, which was used to make the two printed version on the right which were used by Napoleon and his army at Waterloo. In the original map, the Mont Saint-Jean farm is situated to the right of the road, while on the printed versions, the farm is shown as being to the left of the road.

Was an Inaccurate Map Partly Responsible for Napoleon’s Waterloo Defeat?

A French documentary maker contends that a map error ones on the reasons that Napoleon’s army was defeated by the Duke of Wellington’s forces during the Battle of Waterloo.  The documentary by Franck Ferrand entitled, “Napoléon : le défi de trop ?” explores the finding by Belgian illustrator and historian, Bernard […]

Geography 101

The World's Largest Mass Migration

The World’s Largest Mass Migration

Each year, millions of people move around China to be near friends and family in order to celebrate the Chinese New Year.  This mass movement of people is considered the world’s largest annual mass migration./ Chinese New Year The Chinese New Year is also known as the Lunar New Year […]

Colored beads and masks are a ubiquitous presence during Mardi Gras celebrations in New Orleans. Photo: Loren Javier

The Cultural Geography of Carnival Celebrations around the World

Carnival is celebrated by hundreds of millions of people in places all over the globe. Read here to see how the unique cultural geography of different places has fused pagan and indigenous rituals with the Christian-based holiday to result in the modern celebrations of 5 very different places on the Earth.

Major Sub-Disciplines of Geography

Geography has been branded a unique science of bridging the gap between social sciences and natural sciences. Hence we have two main sub-disciplines in geography. These sub-disciplines are Physical Geography (natural sciences) and Human Geography (social sciences). Based on the definition above Geography can be seen as trying to explain […]


Arctic Circle

Arctic Circle

The Arctic Circle is a circle of latitude encompassing the northernmost pole of the Earth and is located at approximately 66°33′45.6″ north of the Equator. The Arctic Circle is about 7,700,000 square miles. This line of latitude separates the Arctic zone in the north from the Northern Temperate Zone in […]

Map showing the International Date Line. Source: Wiki Commons, 2014.

Geography of the International Date Line

The International Date Line is located at 180 degrees east or west of the Greenwich Meridian and is an imaginary line of longitude that differentiates between two different days. This is to account for the many time zones around the world to make it easier for people to know what […]

World map created in 1514 by Oronce Fine (1494–1555) who was one of the first French scholars to work with cartography.

Heart-Shaped Map Projections

Heart shaped map projections are known as cordiform map projections which is derived from the Latin “for” for heart and form for shape. In honor of Valentine’s Day, here’s a look at two heart-shaped map projections. Werner Map Projection The Werner map projection is a heart-shaped map projection originally conceived by […]


GPS sites showing the measured displacement. As the drought deepens in March of 2014, the red dots showed the greatest uplift in the Sierra Mountains. Source: Borsa et al.

Tracking the Effects of Drought in the Western U.S. with GPS

The effects of the drought that has stricken the western United States can be measured with GPS.  As anyone who has lugged around a one gallon bottle of water knows, water is heavy.  Erosion is not the only way that rivers and lakes affect the landscape, now researchers from the Scripps […]

Find Your Way Downstream with Streamer

Find Your Way Downstream with Streamer

Water is essential for life on the planet, and tool from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) makes it easy and fun to trace water flow across the United States from your own computer. The device is called Streamer, and with only a few clicks, users can follow major water ways from […]

Help Find Invasive Weeds in Hawaii

Help Find Invasive Weeds in Hawaii

Tomnod, which previously helped with crowdsourcing the search for the missing Malaysian Airlines flight, has teamed up with the Nature Conservancy to map the location of Australian Tree Ferns and African Tulip Trees in order to better understand how these invasive plants are affecting native forests in Hawaii.  More than 80 percent […]

Geography Career

Eight Ways Your Geographic Skills Enhance Your Resume

Eight Ways Your Geographic Skills Enhance Your Resume

Geographers or anyone with a history of geography education or practice have special skills that can enhance their resumes across nearly all career options. From GIS skills to graphic design to multiculturalism, here are eight ways to market your geography experience as viable job skills.

How Much do Geographers Make?

How Much do Geographers Make?

Geographers find work in a variety of disciplines both in the physical and human geography related fields.  Geographers are employed as cartographers, urban planners, climatologists, natural resource managers, and emergency management personnel; any industry requiring the development or analysis of geographic data will often have a geographer on staff.  The […]

What Can You do with a Degree in Geography?

What Can You do with a Degree in Geography?

Are you a geography major who is working in a job that allows you to apply your educational background?  Fill out the survey linked below.  All survey results will be consolidated and reported back once enough results have come in. Thanks, Caitlin Editor, Geo Lounge Fill out the survey: What […]

Geography Fun

Place Your Vote for Tournament Earth 2015

Place Your Vote for Tournament Earth 2015

NASA’s Earth Observatory has launched this year’s Tournament Earth in order to see which image will be crowned the best image of the year.  Thirty-two images are up for voting in four categories: Data, Art, Event, and Photograph.  Voting is open from March 2 through April 6, 2015.  Each week, there […]

Col Pierre Ruel and BGen Christian Barabé check the radar screen in preparation for tracking Santa Claus in December of 2007.

How to Track Santa Claus this Christmas

For over five decades, a large number of kids and grown-ups have relied on upon the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD), to track the whereabouts of Santa Claus as he makes his Christmas Eve journey. How the NORAD Santa Tracking Tradition Began In 1955, a Sears Department store printed […]

The geography game "A Worldly Mind" offers 22 Human Geography elements, for 238 Countries and Territories and over 2,300 Quiz Questions.

A Worldly Mind – Free Geography Game

Doug Hibbeler, President of Response Catalyst, describes a free new geography learning game his company has debuted.   A Worldly Mind is a new smartphone and tablet app to help usually teenagers learn World Geography.  When you look around at the major problems the world is facing, all are better understood […]