• Geography News

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    Listed here are geography announcements.  To submit your geography related announcement, please email editor@geolounge.com.  Job listings should be submit here and geography related events here. Geography Grants E. WILLARD AND RUBY S. MILLER GRANTS FOR RESEARCH IN GEOGRAPHY EDUCATION-REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS!   NCGE’s Research Committee is still seeking research proposals for […]

  • Geographic Spread of the Indo-European Language Family

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    About three billion people in the world speak a language that is part of the Indo-European family of languages. There are over 400 languages and dialects belonging to this family.  Eleven of the languages with the largest number of native speakers belong to the Indo-European family of languages and make up […]

  • Place Your Vote for Tournament Earth 2015

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    NASA’s Earth Observatory has launched this year’s Tournament Earth in order to see which image will be crowned the best image of the year.  Thirty-two images are up for voting in four categories: Data, Art, Event, and Photograph.  Voting is open from March 2 through April 6, 2015.  Each week, there […]

  • Ice Circles

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    Ice circles are unique phenomena that occur in rivers, streams, and creeks all over the world. Most go unnoticed but a few have been seen by people and captured on video or in pictures. Ice circles are rare and form under very specific conditions that often change rapidly, making ice […]

  • What are Two Main Causes of Changes to the Earth Surface?

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    The Earth’s surface is constantly changing. These changes mostly occur in very minute ways which over time accumulates to create the earth’s physical features we observe around us today. Some of these changes take thousands of years but surely they are occurring. When you look around you a mountain, river, […]

Physical Geography

This The natural-color MODIS image shows the dust as it moved from North Africa, swept northeast over the Mediterranean Sea, and blanketed the atmosphere over Turkey and Greece. Source: NASA

Lodos (Wind)

The Lodos (a name generated locally in the region where it occurs) has been classified as a fierce south westerly wind (blowing from the south west) which may prevail at regular intervals in the Marmara Sea and Aegean Sea as well as the Black Sea and the Mediterranean shoreline of […]

Laguna Grande is a 50-hectare salt-water lagoon located in the municipio of Fajardo, in the eastern-most tip of Puerto Rico. Photo: USGS.


Limnology is the study of bodies of water located inland such as lakes, rivers, wetlands, streams, watersheds, and reservoirs. Limnologists study how the weather, climate, and physical geography interact to create and affect drainage basins. This field of study covers fresh and saltwater bodies. Limnology goes hand in hand with […]

Volcanic cinder cone, Lassen Volcanic National Park, California. Photo: Greg Schechter.

What Are the Negative Impacts of a Cinder Cone Volcano?

Cinder cone volcanoes are cone craters which are usually small and steep shaped made up of lots of little rock or cinders filled with gas shooting straight up into the air and cooling rapidly thereby falling back close to the source. Because the cinders that make up a cinder cone have […]

Human Geography

The World's Largest Mass Migration

The World’s Largest Mass Migration

Each year, millions of people move around China to be near friends and family in order to celebrate the Chinese New Year.  This mass movement of people is considered the world’s largest annual mass migration./ Chinese New Year The Chinese New Year is also known as the Lunar New Year […]

According to Ramirez, the lack of center posts underneath Newport Pier makes it a "photographer's dream."

Photographing and Mapping Piers

Ana Ramirez, a San Diego-based photographer, talks with Kristina Jacob about her photography project, Into The Ocean – Photos of California Piers.

Geography News

On Sept. 19, 2014, the five-day average of Antarctic sea ice extent exceeded 20 million square kilometers for the first time since 1979, according to the National Snow and Ice Data Center. The red line shows the average maximum extent from 1979-2014. Image Credit: NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio/Cindy Starr

New Record Extent of Sea Ice in Antarctica

The polar regions of the Earth, the Arctic Ocean and Antarctica, are of particular concern to scientists and researchers. In one sense, these areas act much like an air conditioner for the planet because of their cold, icy environments and the fact that like they reflect a high degree of […]

The far left map is the original hand-drawn map, which was used to make the two printed version on the right which were used by Napoleon and his army at Waterloo. In the original map, the Mont Saint-Jean farm is situated to the right of the road, while on the printed versions, the farm is shown as being to the left of the road.

Was an Inaccurate Map Partly Responsible for Napoleon’s Waterloo Defeat?

A French documentary maker contends that a map error ones on the reasons that Napoleon’s army was defeated by the Duke of Wellington’s forces during the Battle of Waterloo.  The documentary by Franck Ferrand entitled, “Napoléon : le défi de trop ?” explores the finding by Belgian illustrator and historian, Bernard […]

Map of the North Atlantic Ocean showing gravity anomalies. Marine gravity model of the North Atlantic (10 mGal contours). Red dots show locations of earthquakes with magnitude > 5.5 and they highlight the present-day location of the seafloor spreading ridges and transform faults. This gravity information shows the details of the plate tectonic history of the rifting of these continents including the subtle signatures of fracture zones that are currently buried by sediment.

An Ocean of Mountains

The ocean comprises a significant portion of the Earth yet it remains a field we know the least about. Humans know more about the topography of Mars than we do about the ocean floor, and our poor knowledge of seabed topography is demonstrated by the ongoing search for missing Malaysia […]

Geography 101

The World's Largest Mass Migration

The World’s Largest Mass Migration

Each year, millions of people move around China to be near friends and family in order to celebrate the Chinese New Year.  This mass movement of people is considered the world’s largest annual mass migration./ Chinese New Year The Chinese New Year is also known as the Lunar New Year […]

Colored beads and masks are a ubiquitous presence during Mardi Gras celebrations in New Orleans. Photo: Loren Javier

The Cultural Geography of Carnival Celebrations around the World

Carnival is celebrated by hundreds of millions of people in places all over the globe. Read here to see how the unique cultural geography of different places has fused pagan and indigenous rituals with the Christian-based holiday to result in the modern celebrations of 5 very different places on the Earth.

Major Sub-Disciplines of Geography

Geography has been branded a unique science of bridging the gap between social sciences and natural sciences. Hence we have two main sub-disciplines in geography. These sub-disciplines are Physical Geography (natural sciences) and Human Geography (social sciences). Based on the definition above Geography can be seen as trying to explain […]


Map showing the International Date Line. Source: Wiki Commons, 2014.

Geography of the International Date Line

The International Date Line is located at 180 degrees east or west of the Greenwich Meridian and is an imaginary line of longitude that differentiates between two different days. This is to account for the many time zones around the world to make it easier for people to know what […]

World map created in 1514 by Oronce Fine (1494–1555) who was one of the first French scholars to work with cartography.

Heart-Shaped Map Projections

Heart shaped map projections are known as cordiform map projections which is derived from the Latin “for” for heart and form for shape. In honor of Valentine’s Day, here’s a look at two heart-shaped map projections. Werner Map Projection The Werner map projection is a heart-shaped map projection originally conceived by […]

The Albers projection is an example of a conic map projection.

Types of Map Projections

The ways in which we visualize the world are varied- we have pictures, maps, globes, satellite imagery, hand drawn creations and more. What kinds of things can we learn from the way we see the world around us? For centuries mankind has been making maps of the world around them, […]


GPS sites showing the measured displacement. As the drought deepens in March of 2014, the red dots showed the greatest uplift in the Sierra Mountains. Source: Borsa et al.

Tracking the Effects of Drought in the Western U.S. with GPS

The effects of the drought that has stricken the western United States can be measured with GPS.  As anyone who has lugged around a one gallon bottle of water knows, water is heavy.  Erosion is not the only way that rivers and lakes affect the landscape, now researchers from the Scripps […]

Find Your Way Downstream with Streamer

Find Your Way Downstream with Streamer

Water is essential for life on the planet, and tool from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) makes it easy and fun to trace water flow across the United States from your own computer. The device is called Streamer, and with only a few clicks, users can follow major water ways from […]

Help Find Invasive Weeds in Hawaii

Help Find Invasive Weeds in Hawaii

Tomnod, which previously helped with crowdsourcing the search for the missing Malaysian Airlines flight, has teamed up with the Nature Conservancy to map the location of Australian Tree Ferns and African Tulip Trees in order to better understand how these invasive plants are affecting native forests in Hawaii.  More than 80 percent […]

Geography Career

Eight Ways Your Geographic Skills Enhance Your Resume

Eight Ways Your Geographic Skills Enhance Your Resume

Geographers or anyone with a history of geography education or practice have special skills that can enhance their resumes across nearly all career options. From GIS skills to graphic design to multiculturalism, here are eight ways to market your geography experience as viable job skills.

How Much do Geographers Make?

How Much do Geographers Make?

Geographers find work in a variety of disciplines both in the physical and human geography related fields.  Geographers are employed as cartographers, urban planners, climatologists, natural resource managers, and emergency management personnel; any industry requiring the development or analysis of geographic data will often have a geographer on staff.  The […]

What Can You do with a Degree in Geography?

What Can You do with a Degree in Geography?

Are you a geography major who is working in a job that allows you to apply your educational background?  Fill out the survey linked below.  All survey results will be consolidated and reported back once enough results have come in. Thanks, Caitlin Editor, Geo Lounge Fill out the survey: What […]

Geography Fun

Col Pierre Ruel and BGen Christian Barabé check the radar screen in preparation for tracking Santa Claus in December of 2007.

How to Track Santa Claus this Christmas

For over five decades, a large number of kids and grown-ups have relied on upon the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD), to track the whereabouts of Santa Claus as he makes his Christmas Eve journey. How the NORAD Santa Tracking Tradition Began In 1955, a Sears Department store printed […]

The geography game "A Worldly Mind" offers 22 Human Geography elements, for 238 Countries and Territories and over 2,300 Quiz Questions.

A Worldly Mind – Free Geography Game

Doug Hibbeler, President of Response Catalyst, describes a free new geography learning game his company has debuted.   A Worldly Mind is a new smartphone and tablet app to help usually teenagers learn World Geography.  When you look around at the major problems the world is facing, all are better understood […]

For the dapper geographer in your life, try this map bow tie from Etsy.

How to Find a Unique Gift for a Geographer

If you are looking for a unique gift idea for a geographer in your life, avoid offering yet another atlas, globe, or wall map.  Find some ideas here for unique geographically themed gifts. Bespoke Map Clothing Developed by data visualization specialist Rachel Binx, Monochōme is an online clothing store that allows you to […]