Which Country is the Least Densely Populated?

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Mongolia is a landlocked country situated between Russian to the North and China to the south in Northern Asia with a geographic area of 1,564,116 km2 (603,909 sq mi).  This makes it the 19th largest country in the world.  According to the CIA World Facebook, the July 2015 estimated population of Mongolia was 2,992,908 people.  This population total makes it the 138th most populous country in the world.

The population density is the number of people living in a defined geographic area.  To find the population density of a country, the total population is divided by the total area of the country.

Least Densely Populated Country in the World

For 2015, the population density of Mongolia was 1.914 people per square kilometer.  This population density is the lowest in the world, making Mongolia the least densely populated independent country in the world.

Map of Mongolia. Source: CIA, 1996.

Map of Mongolia. Source: CIA, 1996.

Least Densely Populated Territory in the World

Greenland, which is an autonomous administrative division (or autonomous country) within the realm of Denmark.  With a geographic area of 2,166,086 km2 (836,109 sq mi) and a January 1, 2016 population of  55,847, the population density is 0.028 people per square mile.  This makes Greenland the least densely populated territory in the world.

Map of Greenland. Source: CIA, 2008.

Map of Greenland. Source: CIA, 2008.

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