Landlocked Countries

A country is considered landlocked when it is surrounded on all sides by one or more other countries and therefore has no direct access to a coastline providing access to the oceans.

How Many Countries are Landlocked?

There are currently 48 countries (including four partially recognized states) that are completely surrounded by at least one other country.  With the exception of two countries in South America (Bolivia and Paraguay) the rest of these 46 countries are found in Africa, Europe, and Asia.

Map of Landlocked Countries

Map of landlocked countries. There are 42 landlocked (green) and two double-landlocked (purple) countries . Map: NuclearVacuum (Wikipedia)

Map of landlocked countries. There are 42 landlocked (green) and two double-landlocked (purple) countries . Map: NuclearVacuum (Wikipedia)

Landlocked by a Single Country

There are three countries that are completely landlocked (i.e. surrounded on all sides) by only country. Two of these countries are founded within the country of Italy.  These single-country landlocked countries are: Lesotho which is surrounded by South Africa, San Marino, a state surrounded by Italy, and Vatican City which is a city-state surrounded by Rome, the capitol city of Italy.

Double-Landlocked Countries

Landlocked countries that are separated from the nearest ocean coastline but not one, but two countries, are known as double-landlocked or doubly-landlocked countries.  The first country that is double-landlocked is the microstate of Liechtenstein located in central Europe which is immediately surrounded by the landlocked countries of Austria and Switzerland.  The second country is located in central Asia, Uzbekistan which is surrounded by the landlocked countries of Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan.

Largest and Smallest Landlocked Countries

The largest landlocked country is Kazakhstan in Central Asia with a land area of over 2.7 million kilometers.  The smallest landlocked country is the city-state of Vatican City with an area of just 44 hectares (109 acres).

List of Landlocked Countries

CountryArea (km2)
Total14,776,228
Afghanistan652,230
Andorra468
Armenia29,743
Austria83,871
Azerbaijan86,600
Belarus207,600
Bhutan38,394
Bolivia1,098,581
Botswana582,000
BurkinaFaso274,222
Burundi27,834
CentralAfricanRepublic622,984
Chad1,284,000
CzechRepublic78,867
Ethiopia1,104,300
Hungary93,028
Kazakhstan2,724,900
Kosovo10,908
Kyrgyzstan199,951
Laos236,800
Lesotho30,355
Liechtenstein160
Luxembourg2,586
Macedonia25,713
Malawi118,484
Mali1,240,192
Moldova33,846
Mongolia1,566,500
Nepal147,181
Niger1,267,000
Paraguay406,752
Rwanda26,338
SanMarino61
Serbia88,361
Slovakia49,035
SouthOssetia3,900
SouthSudan619,745
Swaziland17,364
Switzerland41,284
Tajikistan143,100
Turkmenistan488,100
Uganda241,038
Uzbekistan447,400
VaticanCity0.44
Zambia752,612
Zimbabwe390,757

See Also